Daas Torah: The Torah sources on avoiding images of women.
Following on from this post on Daas Me, Rachel wanted to know what the Daas Torah sources are for not looking at images of women (and why orthodox publications are actually acting correctly, by not showing images of women.)
I asked Rabbi Reuven Levy (aka ‘the husband’) to pull some of the sources together, and this is what he put together.
I would love to see the Torah sources (as opposed to the ‘Daas Me’) from the orthodox folk who disagree with me on this subject. Please do post them up in the comments section.
Sources on avoiding images of women:
“Do not stray after your heart and after your eyes”. (V’lo taturu acharei levavechem veacharei eineichem) (Bamidbar 15:39)
“You shall guard yourself (v’nishmarta) against any evil thought” (Devarim 23:10).
“A man may not gaze upon a beautiful woman even if she is unmarried” (Gemara, Avoda Zara 20a).
The Smak (30) says that “v’lo taturu” applies only when one stares for the purpose of an immoral act. If one enjoys the beauty of a woman, but has no intention to commit an immoral act, he violates “v’nishmarta“. This distinction is reached independently by the Igros Moshe (Even Hoezer 1:69). However, the Mishna Berura (75:7) states that staring at a woman to enjoy her beauty is a violation of “v’lo tauru“.
Shulchan Aruch (Even HaEzer 21:1):
- It is forbidden to look at a woman’s beauty (even without any intention to enjoy her beauty).
- It is forbidden to look even at her little finger, if his intention is to enjoy himself by looking.
R’i considers this law to be d’Oraitta, min ha Torah, in the case of a married woman, or any other woman forbidden to him.
Chazal say sinning through one’s eyes is in some ways worse than the actual act of sin:
(i) As one does not feel he has done anything wrong or harmed anyone, so he does not make teshuva;
(ii) When one sins with one’s intellect he is misusing his most precious G-d given asset, which may be considered worse than sinning with a lesser important part of the body (Rambam, Morei Nevuchim 3:8 and Nefesh HaChaim 1:4);
(iii) Shame or fear of others can cause a person to abandon his sin, this is not the case with sins involving thought (Derech Pikudecha).
Even looking at a woman without the intention of committing a transgression causes the images to be engraved upon one’s mind, damaging the soul (Chessed LeAvraham, Nahar 33).
Looking at a forbidden sight, such as a woman not permitted to him, creates klipot and shedim (Taharas HaKodesh 3).
It’s just a man’s problem if he looks. It’s nothing to do with me?
It’s a d’Orraitta transgression to put a stumbling block in front of someone [lifnei ever..] (Vayikra 19:14).
This means that even if the woman is dressed modestly, or it’s only a ‘head shot’, if she is beautiful to look at, she is transgressing this commandment by putting her picture in a public forum.
It’s forbidden for a man to look at a woman’s beauty, including just her face.
NB – this does not mean a woman is prohibited from showing her face or walking around in public modestly dressed. If a man, by chance looks up and sees a woman, so long as he looks away, he does not commit a sin.
So, here the woman is not responsible if the man has a ‘second look’ or stares at her. However, when posting a picture of herself, it is far more likely that a man will look at her picture closely, particularly if she is ‘good looking’, and thereby transgress. A man is (usually) not embarrassed to look at a woman’s picture (particularly) if no one else is with him at the time. However, he would be embarrassed to stare at her in the street.
But surely it’s ok for the purpose of fulfilling a Mitzvah, such as teaching Torah?
No, this would be a mitzvah that is brought about through a transgression [mitzvah ha’ba’ah b’aveirah]. In such a case, the mitzvah is void, and all you have is the transgression.
Ad kan, from Rabbi Reuven.
So, why are all these very frum, very tznius women happy to have pictures of themselves posted all over the net?
I don’t know.
But I’d love to find out if there is any daas Torah backing up that decision, or if it’s all just a reaction to pressure from the ‘ugly feminist’ crowd (i.e. people who believe it’s OK to do this either because a) they are feminists who don’t think keeping Torah commandments is so important or b) they think the women putting their pictures up are de facto ugly, so actually not transgressing any of the Torah commandments.)
So, that’s the question:
Are there any Torah sources on the other side of the debate, or is it all Daas Me?