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Rewriting history: Sohaemus of Emesa

The more I look into this, the more I see that nearly everything we’ve been taught as ‘Jewish History’ from secular or xtian sources is actually a lie.

BH, I’ve been doing a lot more research on who this ‘Aristobulus ruler of Lesser Armenia’ actually was, since the last post.

That’s where we turned up this stunning coin, showing ‘Aristobulus of Armenia’ and his wife, Salome:


Before we go on, here is what you should know about how these ancient coins are dated.

There is no ‘objective date’ printed on them, like ‘2023’, or anything like that.

Instead, they are dated by the year of reign of the people who minted these coins.

So above, the coin experts tell us that this coin dates to 66 /67 CE – the time the Great Revolt began against the Romans in Judea – because they are told by the Roman propagandist ‘Josephus’ that this is when there was an Aristobulus on the throne of Armenia.

The coin itself just says this:

‘Of King Aristobulus, year 13’ around the bust of Aristobulus.

And around the bust of his wife, on the reverse, it just says this:

‘Of Queen Salome’.


As soon as you understand that ‘Josephus’ is basically the only historical source still standing, for this period of time, and that ‘Josephus’ was working 100% for the Romans, writing propaganda to destroy the Jewish people and Judaism, and to create a new religion with a ‘messiah who had already come’, and who advocated ‘turning the other cheek’ and paying your taxes to the Romans like a good boy….

That shakes a lot of the scales off your eyes, about what might have really being happening back then.

Instead of assuming ‘Josephus’ is telling the truth, I am now assuming more and more that ‘Josephus’ is lying.

At least, whenever I come across information where the remaining facts don’t seem to fit the story Josephus tells, but historians and academics are still tying themselves in knots trying to get it all to add up.


Let me give you one concrete example, about what ‘Josephus’ wrote about Glaphyra of Cappadocia, and then we’ll come back to who this ‘King Aristobulus of Armenia’ may actually have been.

We covered that story in detail in THIS post, but here’s the image, so you remember who we are talking about:


According to Josephus, this Glaphyra married ‘Alexandros III Prince of Judea’ (aka Cleopatra VII’s son, Alexander Helios).

And then, also married another of Herod the Great’s son, ‘Herod Archelaus, Ethnarch of Samaria, Judea and Edo.

And in the middle of all that, also apparently married ‘Juba II, King of Mauretania’, who just  happened to be the husband of another of Cleopatra VII’s children with Mark Anthony, namely Alexander Helios’ sister, Cleopatra Selene II.

There’s just one problem with all this wonderful ‘history’ from Josephus:

There is no trace of this Glaphyra outside of his writings.



If you go HERE, you’ll arrive at a site that only now exists in the Wayback Machine archive, that talks about Cleopatra Selene, wife of Juba II, from a more modern scholarly perspective.

Remember, Josephus says that ‘Glaphyra’ married Juba II.

But there are a lot of problems with this, tachlis, including:

There is no trace of Glaphyra in North African inscriptions.


Josephus also says that Glaphyra married Archelaus after the death of Juba, but cannot be correct, because Juba died in 23 CE.


Either we must suppose that Juba married Glaphyra bigamously – against Roman law and Hellenistic custom….or that Juba divorced Cleopatra Selene…assuming a divorce…he must have later remarried her….If there was never a rift between Juba and Selene then these coins [showing Cleopatra Selene and Juba II, long after she was meant to have ‘died’ or got divorced, so Juba could marry ‘Glaphyra’] remain an unexplained puzzle.



And here’s another ‘puzzle’ that doesn’t fit with Josephus:

It’s the tomb of Juba II and Cleopatra Selene in Algeria, located in Sidi Rached.

They were buried together, and you can go and visit it today, even.

[Photo credit]

Royal Mausoleum of Mauretania


Josephus is clearly lying about ‘Glaphyra of Cappodocia’, although we are still trying to figure out exactly what he was covering up, with these lies.


So now, let’s return to this ‘Aristobulus the Younger, King of Armenia’, above.

As usual, when I’m trying to pin down who this guy really was, who he descended from, what was going on there, I run into a whole bunch of lies and obvious historical distortions.

The history of ‘Armenia’ is a total mess, it’s all over the place, with fake names and pseudonyms and false histories, and the Herodians, Romans and Cleopatra VII’s children and descendants are right in the middle of it all.

One big reason for all this mess, is because at least one of Cleopatra’s descendants converted to some form of Judaism, and as King Izates (Jesus) II, son of Monbaz and ‘Queen Helena of Adiabene’ let the Great Revolt against Rome which led to the destruction of our Temple – and the Roman creation of ‘chrestianity’, their new religion to keep the slaves believing their messiah had already come.

And wanted them to pay taxes to the Romans and ‘turn the other cheek’.


I know there are so many lies, it’s totally overwhelming.

But let’s keep this simple, one thing at a time, and try to figure out what’s going on with ‘Aristobulus the Younger, King of Armenia’.

The next piece of this puzzle comes from this discussion (PDF) about the coins that were found connected to the Hasmonean dynasty, from HERE.

It has pictures of many of the actual coins minted by the Hasmonean Kings, and it’s kind of amazing, really, to be able to see these images and really ‘connect’ to that time. In this time of lies and more lies, to have something real to relate to is awesome.

Here’s some pertinent snippets, for this post:



Mattithias – Antigonus
Judah – Aristobulus
Yehonathan / Yntn / Yonathan – Alexander
Yehohanan – Hyrcanus

This tells us that ‘Aristobulus’ was actually the Greek name for a Hasmonean who has the Hebrew name of ‘Judah’ or Yehudah.

And also, that all these Hasmonean ‘Alexanders’ actually had the Hebrew name ‘Yonatan’.

This is crucial info, if we are trying to figure out who was doing what, where, and when.


EXHIBIT 4: Strange absence of coins in Judea during the time of the civil war between ‘Hyrcanus II and Aristobulus II’

The question asked is whether coins were not minted for 36 years, since the death of Jannaeus to the reign of Mattathias Antigonus in light of the fact that Alexander II was an active, bold rebel and the commander of the rebel army before Mattathias Antigonus’ time?

Most other rebel leaders during the Roman period minted coins in course of the rebellions in the area they ruled over, as propaganda for the rebellion.

For example: Mattathias Antigonus – brother to Alexander II. The leaders of the Jewish War against the Romans in Jerusalem and the rebels in Gamla and Bar Kochba.

Periods in which coins were not minted exist, but during this time of frequent rebellions, when the area was dominated by inflation, due to the rebellions, the situation warranted minting additional coins.

It is counter claimed that Alexander Jannaeus minted a large quantity of coins to last dozens of years but some claim there was a shortage in copper which led to the minting of lead coins, and so a long period of 36 years warrants minting coins.

It was not proven that Hasmonean coins with the name “Yonatan”- Ywnatan, were minted by Alexander Jannaeus. 


This needs some unpacking.

First, let’s remember what we learn in THIS post, about how ‘Alexander Yannai’ and ‘John Hyrcanus I’ appeared to be the same person.


In Brachot 29a, it says this:

“[W]e learned in a Mishnah: Do not believe in yourself (i.e. trust that you are safe from the evil inclination), until the day you die, for Yochanan the Kohen Gadol served as Kohen Gadol for 80 years, and in the end became a Sadduccee.

And Abaye said: He is Yannai, he is Yochanan, i.e. Yannai and Yochanan were one and the same person.

Rava, however, said: Yannai is separate and Yochanan is separate, i.e. they were two different people.


The Artscroll notes are very interesting. Let’s quote them, then I’ll try to ‘sum up’ why this is so astounding – and what it might mean, for our Hashmonaim family tree:

(Note 7):

“Yannai and Yochanan are names of Hashmonean kings cited in various places in the Talmud.

About Yannai, it is related in Kiddushin 66a that he massacred the Sages for questioning his fitness to serve as Kohen Gadol. 

Abaye asserts that Yannai and Yochanan were in fact one and the same person.

(Note 8):

[The story of Yannai killing the Sages occurred early in his reign.] 

He later repented only to return to his evil ways in his later years (Rashi; see Menachem Meishiv Nefesh).

(Note 9):

He was righteous until close to the end of his life, when he became a renegade.

(Note 10):

Since Yannai and Yochanan were one and the same person, and Yannai is known to have been bad from the start, we must say that his eighty years as the righteous Yochanan Kohen Gadol reflected a repentance from his former ways.

When he became a Sadduccee towards the end of his life, he was merely reverting to his original character.”


Go back and read that post, if you can be bothered.

The more I go over the older posts in the light of these newer discoveries, the more lightbulbs start to pop off.

Here’s another snippet from it:

Josephus’ statement (Jewish Antiquities xv. 6, § 3), that Hyrcanus II, Jannaeus’ eldest son, was eighty years old when he was put to death by Herod, in 31 BCE, is probably erroneous, for that would set the year of his birth as 111 BCE, and Jannaeus himself was born in 125 BCE, so that he could have been but fourteen when Hyrcanus was born to him. It is difficult to understand how a thirteen-year-old boy married a widow of thirty.

It’s difficult to understand – because it never happened!

As usual, Josephus is lying through his teeth.


The standard (fake…) history we are told via Josephus shows the descent of the Hasmonean Kings like this:


Shimon Thassi (aka Simon Maccabeus, last son of Matityahu son of the Kohen HaGadol, and probably also the same as ‘Shimon HaTzaddik’. More on that another time.)

John Hyrcanus I (aka ‘Yochanan the Kohen HaGadol’ who becomes a Sadducee after 80 years, discussed above. He is meant to be the last surviving son of Shimon Thassi).

Then, there’s a whole balagan with one son killing the other, involving ‘Aristobulus-Judah I’, and a few other people, until:

Alexander Yannai (brother of Aristobulus I, supposed son of ‘John Hyrcanus I, who marries his brother’s widow, Salome-Alexandra / ShlomTziyon)

Salome-Alexandra ShlomTziyon – widow of Alexander Yannai, Regent of Israel, sister of Shimon ben Shetach

Aristobulus II and Hyrcanus II (the feuding sons of Alexander Yannai, who call in Pompey and the Romans, leading to the end of independent Israel).


So, I was trying to figure out who this ‘Aristobulus the Younger, King of Lesser Armenia’ was, when I had a brainwave, to ask Chat GPT.

To be clear, Chat GPT is also programmed to lie and dissemble, especially about the important stuff – and it’s already banned me from using it, not because I actually even used it, but because I am being censored in a billion different ways at the moment, even with a VPN:


So I asked a friend to ask the question instead, and this is what came back:

Aristobulus the Younger was a Jewish prince who was appointed as king of Lesser Armenia by the Roman general Pompey in 63 BCE, after Pompey’s conquest of the region. Aristobulus ruled until 55 BCE, when he was deposed by the Romans and replaced with a governor.


I nearly fell off my chair when I read that!

Because we are told in ‘official history’ that Pompey banished Aristobulus II to Rome… but here he is, appointed the King of Lesser Armenia, between 63-55 BCE.

Here’s a screenshot of the sources – and take note of the Chat GPT ‘disclaimer’ at the bottom, because God forbid, we should take anything seriously that goes against what Josephus writes!


Yah, like the whole of ‘official history’, according to Roma-xtianity, has any solid evidence to support it….Whatever.

So, who is that ‘Aristobulus’ on the coins above, who also happened to marry a queen named ‘Salome’, while ruling Armenia?

Remember, they are dating this coin to 66/ 67 CE, as the 13th year of this ‘Aristobulus” reign over Armenia.

If you count back 13 years, that brings us to 53 CE.

The short answer is…. it’s almost impossible to say, according to ‘official history.


Here’s a snippet from the Wikpedia page of Armenian Ruler, ‘Tiridates I’:

(I’m going to prune out a lot of connecting material, to make this easier to grasp.)

In 51 the Roman procurator of Cappadocia, Julius Paelignus, invaded Armenia and ravaged the country, then under an Iberian usurper Rhadamistus. Rhadamistus had killed his uncle Mithridates, the legitimate king of Armenia, by luring the Roman garrison that was protecting him outside of the fortress of Gornea.[9]

Acting without instruction, Paelignus recognized Rhadamistus as the new king of Armenia. …

[I]n 52 [Vologases I] took the opportunity to invade Armenia, conquering Artaxata and proclaiming Tiridates I as king.

Vologases felt his invasion was justified due to the recent usurpation of the Armenian throne by the Iberian prince Rhadamistus, which he saw as a violation of the former settlement made between the Parthians and Romans regarding Armenia.


A winter epidemic as well as an insurrection initiated by his son Vardanes forced him to withdraw his troops from Armenia, allowing Rhadamistus to come back and punish locals as traitors; they eventually revolted and replaced him with the prince Tiridates I in early 55.

Rhadamistus escaped along with his wife Zenobia who was pregnant. Unable to continue fleeing, she asked her husband to end her life rather than be captured. Rhadamistus stabbed her with a Median dagger and flung her body into the river Araxes.

Zenobia was not fatally injured and was recovered by shepherds who sent her to Tiridates.

Tiridates I received her kindly and treated her as a member of the monarchy.Rhadamistus himself returned to Iberia and was soon put to death by his father Pharasmanes I of Iberia for having plotted against the royal power.


If your head is spinning, join the club.

This is the usual bunch of BS-lies that I got so used to having to deal with, when trying to track down what happened with the Sabbateans and Frankists who are still controlling the top jobs and positions in the Jewish community, even in our days.

There is nothing new under the sun.

But you’ll notice a strange thing:

Aristobulus the Younger of Lesser Armenia, who apparently began his reign in 53 CE, and apparently reigned for at least 13 years – because that was his frigging coins clearly demonstrate – is totally missing from this ‘history’.

If we didn’t already have a clue that we are being fed total lies, all over the place, that would be kind of shocking.


So, we currently have three possibilities, for who this ‘Aristobulus the Younger’ actually got recorded as, in ‘official history’.

  1. He was called ‘Rhadamistus‘, son of the King of Iberia.
  2. He was called ‘Tiridates I‘, brother of the new Parthian King Vologaeses I, who needed a kingdom for his brother to rule.
  3. He was called some other name, connected to the ancient Lesser Armenian kingdoms of ‘Pontus’, ‘Commagene’ and Sophene.


Here’s some snippets about the rulers of those bits of ‘Lesser Armenia’, at the same time ‘Aristobulus the Younger’:

Sophene was detached by Rome from Greater Armenia several times. Pompey gave Sophene to Tigranes the Younger in 66 BCE after defeating his father Tigranes the Great, then transferred it to Ariobarzanes I of Cappadocia.  Around 54, the Romans installed Sohaemus of Emesa as King of Sophene.


So, Aristobulus the Younger could also be known in history as:

Sohaemus of Emesa, King of Sophene.

Here’s a basic snippet from Wikipedia – pay attention to how all this links up to the Herodians, and to the descendants of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony, that we have been discussing here:

Sohaemus was a member of the Royal family of Emesa.

He was the second born son and a child to Priest King Sampsiceramus II who ruled the Emesene Kingdom from 14 until 42 and Queen Iotapa.

He had an elder brother called Gaius Julius Azizus, who was the first husband of the Herodian Princess Drusilla and had two sisters:

Iotapa who married the Herodian Prince Aristobulus Minor and Mamaea.


Well, this is getting more and more interesting!

Here’s a little bit more about this ‘Sohaemus of Emesa’, AKA (possibly….) as Aristobulus the Younger of Judea:

In 56, Sohaemus married his relative who was the Princess Drusilla.

She was the child of the late Roman client monarchs Ptolemy of Mauretania and Julia Urania.

Drusilla was the great grandchild of Ptolemaic Greek Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt and Roman Triumvir Mark Antony.


Ptolemy of Mauretania was the son of….. Juba II and Cleopatra Selene, mentioned above.

Now, we are starting to figure out a little bit of why the Roman propagandist Josephus was lying about ‘Glaphyra of Cappadocia’ so much.

(Although you can be sure that there is still way more sleuthing required around what was going on here. There are still a bunch of lies we didn’t pin down yet.)

Let’s continue:


During Sohaemus’ reign, Emesene’s relations with the Roman government grew closer. When Vespasian became Roman emperor in 69, Sohaemus was among the first to swear allegiance to him. Under him, Emesa sent the Roman military a regular levy of archers and assisted them in their siege of Jerusalem in 70.


Well, fancy that!

So, this explains how our Aristobulus the Younger of Armenia was still reigning after 13 years…. the timing fits perfectly…. and now we know that his wife ‘Drusilla’ was also known as ‘Salome’.

I think I need to do a whole separate post on this ‘Drusilla’, there are a lot more secrets hiding out there.


One last thing for now.

Princess Drusilla’s mother is meant to be ‘Julia Urania’, the wife of Ptolemy of Mauretania, grandson of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony via their daughter Cleopatra Selene and Juba II.

She links us straight back to ‘Izates II of Adiabene’, aka ‘King Jesus of Edessa’.


In the book by that name, Ralph Ellis has a family tree.

That family tree shows that this ‘Julia Ourania’ is actually the daughter of ‘Thea Muse Ourania’, who marries Phraates IV of Parthia.

In his family tree, this ‘Julia Ourania’ marries a bunch of people who Ellis believes have multiple names, including:

Phraates V (Julia Ourania’s brother-husband – also a son of Thea Muse Ourania)


Agbarus V of Edessa (24 BCE – 50 CE) (the title he takes when Phraates V and his mother-wife are kicked out of Parthia, and given land by Herod the Great, which becomes Palmyra and Edessa)


Monobazus I [of Adiabene…]


That last one makes ‘Julia Ourania’…. Queen Helena of Adiabene, as found in Josephus, and also, mentioned in our Talmud.

And her sons are the ‘Izates II of Adiabene’ that Ellis identifies as the ‘King of Edessa’ who led the Great Revolt against the Romans, who we wrote about HERE.


Back in the official ‘Judean-Herodian’ family tree, we find that this ‘Aristobulus II’ King of Sophene / Lesser Armenia / Emesa is meant to be the brother of Herod Agrippa I of Judea.

In THIS post, we learned this about ‘Herod Agrippa I’:


We are now following our ‘rule’ that where there is a disagreement between the Talmud’s version of events, and ‘official Roman-xtian’ history’, we are following the Talmud.

So now we can see where Rashi might be coming from, because this is at least one unexpected link between ‘Munbaz’ the convert-King of Adiabene and the Herodian dynasty of (pretend Hasmonean) Kings.


I am going to stop there for today.

There is lots and lots and lots to consider here.

If anyone out there is bored, and wants to help with the research (especially on Chat GPT), I would love King lists of:

  • Sophene
  • Commagene
  • Pontus
  • Cappadocia

For the period of time 63 BCE to 100 CE.

If you can ask for dates, full names, and also, very importantly for SOURCES (because Chat GPT has been programmed to  lie about this stuff, for obvious reasons) – that would be amazing.

If you don’t have my email, get in touch via the contact form, and I’ll get back to you.


Oh, one more thing, before I forget.

All these fake ‘Herodian-Hasmonean’ pretend Jews who are really just ‘Romans’ and ‘Egyptians’ are still going in our days, and were behind the continuing plague of ‘false messiahs’ we’ve had to deal with down the years.

I’m not going to belabor the point, but if you go HERE, to the LOEB genealogical tree, you will find pages for ‘Alexander III Prince of Judea’ (aka Alexander Helios, son of Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony) and his brother, ‘Aristobulus IV‘ (aka probably Ptolemy Philadephelus, another son of Cleopatra and Mark Antony).

Notice how both lines marry each other, turn into the leading lights of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the rulers of Persia / Parthia, and then come back together again under the (apparently….) Jewish Bustanai the Exilarch.


Bustanai then becomes the ancestor of pretty much every European Royal, via Charlemagne the Holy Roman Emperor – plus nearly all of our ‘leading Jewish families’.

Including the Maharal, Jacob Frank, and of course…. the Chabad dynasty.

I wrote about all those connections HERE, this is a screenshot:


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4 replies
  1. Yosef from the Galil
    Yosef from the Galil says:

    chatGPT 4 prompt: “I would love list of the kings of:
    For the period of time 63 BCE to 100 CE.
    Please give dates of reigns, full names, and also, very importantly your sources.”

    I have compiled a list of the kings from the regions you specified for the period between 63 BCE and 100 CE. Please note that some dates might be approximate, as historical records from that time are not always precise or consistent.

    There isn’t much information about the kings of Sophene during the requested period, as the region was conquered by Tigranes the Great, King of Armenia, in the 1st century BCE. After his reign, Sophene was eventually incorporated into the Roman Empire.


    Antiochus I Theos of Commagene (ca. 70 BCE – 38 BCE)
    Mithridates II of Commagene (38 BCE – 20 BCE)
    Antiochus III of Commagene (20 BCE – 17 CE)
    Antiochus IV of Commagene (38 CE – 72 CE)

    Pharnaces II of Pontus (63 BCE – 47 BCE)
    After Pharnaces II, Pontus was absorbed into the Roman Empire and became a Roman province.

    Ariobarzanes I Philoromaios (95 BCE – 63 BCE, but his reign continues beyond the specified starting date)
    Ariobarzanes II of Cappadocia (63 BCE – 51 BCE)
    Ariobarzanes III Eusebes Philoromaios (51 BCE – 42 BCE)
    Archelaus of Cappadocia (36 BCE – 17 CE)
    Ariobarzanes IV Eusebes Philopator (17 CE – 24 CE)
    Archelaus of Cilicia (24 CE – 38 CE)
    After Archelaus, Cappadocia became a Roman province.


    For Commagene:
    Chahin, Mark (2001). The Kingdom of Armenia. London: Routledge.
    Sartre, Maurice (2005). The Middle East Under Rome. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
    For Pontus:
    McGing, B.C. (1986). The Foreign Policy of Mithridates VI Eupator, King of Pontus. Leiden: E.J. Brill.
    Sherwin-White, Susan (1994). Roman Foreign Policy in the East, 168 BC – AD 1. London: Routledge.
    For Cappadocia:
    Bury, John Bagnell (1913). A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great. London: MacMillan and Co.
    Bryce, Trevor (2012). The World of the Neo-Hittite Kingdoms: A Political and Military History. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Please note that these sources are only a few of the many that cover the history of these regions. The information available may vary, and some dates may be contested among historians.

    My reply: “Did you use any additional sources for your answer?”

    I apologize for any confusion in my previous response. The sources I provided were primarily used to understand the historical context and political landscape of the regions during the specified period. However, I did use additional sources to cross-check and validate the information:

    For Sophene:
    Marciak, Michał (2017). Sophene, Gordyene, and Adiabene: Three Regna Minora of Northern Mesopotamia Between East and West. Leiden: Brill.
    For Commagene:
    Levick, Barbara (2007). Julia Domna: Syrian Empress. London: Routledge.
    For Pontus:
    Sullivan, Richard D. (1990). Near Eastern Royalty and Rome, 100-30 BC. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    For Cappadocia:
    Hazel, John (2002). Who’s Who in the Roman World. London: Routledge.
    These additional sources were used to validate the information and provide a more comprehensive understanding of the kings and their reigns. However, it is important to note that historical records from this time are not always consistent or complete, and some details might be disputed among scholars.

  2. Simon
    Simon says:

    It’s getting very hard to follow all these names and lineages.

    I am still thinking about the “evolution” claims. Did any rabbi or Torah source say that God didn’t directly create all life in creation (it came about through generations) before Charles Darwin the Freemason came around?

    • Rivka Levy
      Rivka Levy says:

      The Torah account is very clear, that the world was created ex nihilo in 6 days.

      There are some ‘modern age rabbis’ (i.e. the last 200 years) that will agree with Darwin, but whenever I check back with their ancestry, they seem to be firmly connected to the Frankist-Freemason-Sabbatean family tree.


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